This latent class analysis of obsessive-compulsive (OC) features, cross-sectional tests of association, and classic twin genetic analysis finds phenotypic and genetic overlap between OC and pathological gambling.
This cross-sectional analysis using the Nurses’ Health Study II cohort reports that posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms are associated with increased food addiction prevalence. Strategies aimed at reducing obesity associated with posttraumatic stress disorder may require psychological and behavioral interventions that address dependence on food and/or use of food to cope with distress.
Gustafson et al determine whether patients leaving residential treatment for alcohol use disorders with a smartphone application to support recovery have fewer risky drinking days than control patients.
Moeller and coauthors investigate the neural correlates of impaired insight in addiction using a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-based morphometry approach.
Kühn and Gallinat determine whether frequent pornography consumption is associated with the frontostriatal network.
This laboratory-based cross-sectional study assesses cue-induced craving for cocaine in adults using both subjective and objective indices of cue-elicited responses.
This nonrandomized trial compares the effects of an intervention comprising manual-guided sessions on health care engagement and health information technology use vs usual care on self-reported substance use and depression.
Konova et al examine changes in mesocorticolimbic connectivity with methylphenidate and how connectivity of affected pathways relates to severity of cocaine addiction in 18 nonabstaining individuals with cocaine use disorders.
Johnson et al determine the efficacy of topiramate vs placebo as a treatment for cocaine dependence.
This case-control study finds that cocaine addiction is associated with disturbed resting-state functional connectivity in several specific striatal-cortical circuits.
This prospective cohort study reports that achieving remission from a substance use disorder does not typically lead to drug substitution, but rather is associated with a lower risk of new substance use disorder onsets.
This review article summarizes what is known about the effects of cannabis use on human behavior, including cognition, motivation, and psychosis.