This pharmacoepidemiology study uses BCBS claims data to characterize recent trends in use of methylphenidate and amphetamine-related products in 4 US states between 2010 and 2014.
This meta-analysis examines whether behavioral deficits in inhibitory control are associated with shared or disorder-specific structural and functional neural abnormalities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This study investigates whether impaired young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms always have a childhood-onset disorder in a population-based longitudinal study.
This study investigates childhood risk factors and functioning in young adults with persistent, remitted, and late-onset ADHD.
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of cognitive behavioral group psychotherapy vs individual clinical management and methylphenidate vs placebo in patients with adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This randomized clinical trial in patients with comorbid adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cocaine use disorder examined whether extended-release mixed amphetamine salts are effective for both improving symptoms of ADHD and reducing cocaine use.
This cross-sectional study reports that global differences in gray matter volume may be due to alterations in the general mechanisms underlying normal brain development in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This cross-sectional study demonstrates that psychiatric comorbidities are common among individuals with Tourette syndrome and that most comorbidities begin early in life.
This prospective study does not identify any involvement of changes in brain norepinephrine transporter availability or distribution in the pathogenesis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Karalunas et al refine subtyping of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder by using biologically based behavioral dimensions, novel classification algorithms, and multiple external validators.
Holz and coauthors clarify the influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the neural circuitry of response inhibition and its association with related behavioral phenotypes such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and novelty seeking in the mother’s offspring.
Chang et al estimate the association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the risk of serious transport accidents and explore the extent to which ADHD medication influences this risk among patients with ADHD.
McCarthy et al compare adults with a childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and control subjects to determine the specific location of possible ADHD-related differences in resting-state functional connectivity.