Crum et al used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to evaluate the hypothesis that alcohol self-medication of mood symptoms increases the probability of subsequent onset and the persistence or chronicity of alcohol dependence.
This population-based study evaluates the presence and burden of autistic spectrum disorder traits in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1.
This study compares mental health symptom monitoring alone vs symptom monitoring plus care management among 1018 older, community-dwelling, low-income adults prescribed an antidepressant or anxiolytic and experiencing clinically significant mental health symptoms at intake.
This neuroimaging study suggests that abnormal uncinate fasciculus and cingulum white matter structure may underlie emotional, but not behavioral, dysregulation in pediatric psychiatric disorders.
McCarthy et al compare adults with a childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and control subjects to determine the specific location of possible ADHD-related differences in resting-state functional connectivity.
Using a subsample of individuals from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, this study investigates the presence of structural brain abnormalities in youth with psychosis spectrum symptoms.
This cross-sectional analysis using the Nurses’ Health Study II cohort reports that posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms are associated with increased food addiction prevalence. Strategies aimed at reducing obesity associated with posttraumatic stress disorder may require psychological and behavioral interventions that address dependence on food and/or use of food to cope with distress.
In a 6-month double-blind trial, Heller and coauthors examine changes in the neural circuits involved in emotion regulation resulting from 1 of 2 antidepressant treatments. See also the editorial by Miller.
Sutin et al estimated the trajectory of depressive symptoms across the adult life span, tested whether it varies by demographic factors and antidepressant medication use, and tested whether disease burden, functional limitations, and proximity to death explain the increase in depressive symptoms in old age.