Seo and colleagues aimed to identify neural correlates associated with alcohol craving and relapse outcomes in 45 treatment-engaged, 4- to 8-week–abstinent alcohol-dependent patients, and compare brain responses of 30 demographically matched alcohol-dependent patients and 30 healthy control subjects during stress, alcohol, and neutral-relaxing cues. Volkow and Baler provide a related editorial.
This population-based cohort study finds that a first self-poisoning episode is a strong predictor of subsequent suicide and premature death.
Bowen et al compared the long-term efficacy of mindfulness-based relapse prevention with the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention and treatment as usual in participants who had successfully completed initial treatment for substance use disorders.
This survey study presents nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, disability, and treatment of DSM-5 drug use disorder diagnoses overall and by severity level.
This national epidemiologic survey finds that alcohol use disorder is highly prevalent, highly comorbid, and disabling, with an urgent need for education of the public and policy makers, destigmatization of the disorder, and encouragement of those with the disorder to seek treatment.