This population-based study evaluates the presence and burden of autistic spectrum disorder traits in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether the effects of methylphenidate on the dopaminergic system are modified by age and tests the hypothesis that methylphenidate treatment of young but not adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder induces lasting effects.
This pharmacoepidemiology study uses BCBS claims data to characterize recent trends in use of methylphenidate and amphetamine-related products in 4 US states between 2010 and 2014.
This meta-analysis examines whether behavioral deficits in inhibitory control are associated with shared or disorder-specific structural and functional neural abnormalities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This study investigates whether impaired young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms always have a childhood-onset disorder in a population-based longitudinal study.
This study investigates childhood risk factors and functioning in young adults with persistent, remitted, and late-onset ADHD.
This study uses data from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort to evaluate the charting of brain intrinsic connectivity network patterns to serve as a measure of attention functioning in youth.
This cohort study using Swedish population registers quantifies the nature and extent of nonrandom mating, within and across a broad range of psychiatric conditions, at the population level.
This meta-analysis of whole-brain structural neuroimaging studies of youths with conduct problems identifies gray matter reductions within the insula, amygdala, and frontal and temporal regions.
This population-level observational study reports increased use of antipsychotic medication from 2006 to 2010 in adolescents and young adults, but not in children 12 years or younger.
This Editorial discusses the use of antipsychotic medications for indications other than psychosis in young people who do not have psychosis.
This prospective study examines the effects of genes and environment on the developmental course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms from childhood to adolescence.
To examine the direct and indirect relationships between perceived racial discrimination and common forms of psychopathology, 12 common diagnoses were assessed in a nationally representative sample of African American and Afro-Caribbean adults.
This cross-sectional imaging study identifies the effects of prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure on brain structure and assesses the cognitive and behavioral correlates of those abnormalities in school-age children.
This cross-sectional study reports that global differences in gray matter volume may be due to alterations in the general mechanisms underlying normal brain development in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This cross-sectional study demonstrates that psychiatric comorbidities are common among individuals with Tourette syndrome and that most comorbidities begin early in life.
This neuroimaging study suggests that abnormal uncinate fasciculus and cingulum white matter structure may underlie emotional, but not behavioral, dysregulation in pediatric psychiatric disorders.
This retrospective quantification and assessment of temporal patterns of DSM-IV diagnoses not otherwise specified among youth finds that subthreshold diagnoses have expanded, a trend that will continue in the DSM-5 era.