This Viewpoint discusses the potential health and other impacts of electronic cigarette use in US jails.
Cummings et al examine the availability of outpatient mental health care facilities that accept Medicaid across US counties and whether specific types of communities are more likely to lack this infrastructure.
Wen et al examine the effect of state-level substance use disorder (SUD) parity laws on state-aggregate SUD treatment rates and the effect of recent federal SUD parity legislation.
Among 75 medication-free patients with remitted major depressive disorder and no relevant comorbidity, this prospective cohort study tests the hypothesis that RSATL-SCSR connectivity for self-blaming relative to other-blaming emotions predicts subsequent recurrence of depressive episodes.
This case-control study finds that cocaine addiction is associated with disturbed resting-state functional connectivity in several specific striatal-cortical circuits.
This positron emission tomographic functional magnetic resonance imaging study found in vivo evidence for a deficit in the capacity for dopamine release in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia.
Singh and coauthors examine anomalous neural processing of reward in children at familial risk for bipolar disorder.
Bustillo et al examine glutamine, glutamate, and glutamine to glutamate ratio in the dorsal anterior cingulate, as well as their relationships with symptoms and cognition in schizophrenia.
Seo and colleagues aimed to identify neural correlates associated with alcohol craving and relapse outcomes in 45 treatment-engaged, 4- to 8-week–abstinent alcohol-dependent patients, and compare brain responses of 30 demographically matched alcohol-dependent patients and 30 healthy control subjects during stress, alcohol, and neutral-relaxing cues. Volkow and Baler provide a related editorial.
This cohort study examines whether quantified neural function in social perception circuits can serve as an individual-level marker of autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents.
Fornito and colleagues used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to characterize disease-related, risk-related, and symptom-related changes of corticostriatal functional circuitry in patients with first-episode psychosis and their unaffected, first-degree relatives.
Nurnberger et al identify biological pathways that contribute to risk for bipolar disorder using genes with consistent evidence for association in multiple genome-wide association studies.
This population-based study of Israeli male adolescents who underwent behavioral assessment to determine military service eligibility reports that different components of impaired community functioning in schizophrenia followed different developmental trajectories.
This prospective longitudinal study shows that, although prevalence rates of psychiatric comorbidity decreased in youth after detention, rates remained substantial and were higher than rates in the most comparable studies of the general population.