This Viewpoint suggests that the assertion that prolonged exposure or cognitive processing therapy should be the dominant evidence-based treatments for war-related PTSD is simplistic and may at times be unhelpful or contraindicated.
LaFrance et al evaluate different treatments for psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, including medication only, cognitive behavioral therapy informed psychotherapy only, and cognitive behavioral therapy informed psychotherapy with medication, compared with standard medical care (treatment as usual).
This pragmatic effectiveness trial finds that telemedicine-based collaborative care can successfully engage rural veterans in evidence-based psychotherapy to improve outcomes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of light treatment, both as monotherapy and in combination with fluoxetine, with a sham placebo condition for adults with nonseasonal major depressive disorder.
This Viewpoint discusses true evidence-based practice and using it to personalize treatment for military veterans and servicemembers with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Weisz et al conduct a meta-analysis of 52 randomized trials directly comparing evidence-based
psychotherapies with usual clinical care for psychopathology in children and adolescents. See also
the editorial by
This longitudinal cohort study compares rates of self-harm, unintentional injury, and suicide in patients with bipolar disorder prescribed lithium, valproate sodium, olanzapine, or quetiapine fumarate.
This meta-analysis examines individual patient data to discover the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with usual care and other active treatments, including antidepressants, in treating those with recurrent depression.
This study investigates whether impaired young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms always have a childhood-onset disorder in a population-based longitudinal study.
This study compares mental health symptom monitoring alone vs symptom monitoring plus care management among 1018 older, community-dwelling, low-income adults prescribed an antidepressant or anxiolytic and experiencing clinically significant mental health symptoms at intake.
In a 14-week randomized clinical trial, Freeman and coauthors examine the relative efficacy of family-based cognitive behavior therapy involving exposure plus response prevention vs a family-based relaxation treatment control condition for children 5 to 8 years of age.
Bowen et al compared the long-term efficacy of mindfulness-based relapse prevention with the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention and treatment as usual in participants who had successfully completed initial treatment for substance use disorders.
This neuroimaging study demonstrates characteristic signatures of altered intracortical relationships in patients with deficit schizophrenia compared with those with nondeficit schizophrenia, patients with bipolar I disorder, and healthy individuals.
This population-based study uses data from the Zurich Cohort Study to assess the persistence of mental health disorders in adults using 7 interviews conducted across 29 years in Switzerland.