This meta-analysis examines whether behavioral deficits in inhibitory control are associated with shared or disorder-specific structural and functional neural abnormalities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This study assesses whether certain factors identified with structural magnetic resonance imaging techniques are able to predict response to electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depressive disorder.
Using a subsample of individuals from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, this study investigates the presence of structural brain abnormalities in youth with psychosis spectrum symptoms.
This longitudinal behavioral and neuroimaging study reports an association between childhood depression and the trajectory of cortical gray matter development in late school-aged children and those in early adolescence.
This meta-analysis of whole-brain structural neuroimaging studies of youths with conduct problems identifies gray matter reductions within the insula, amygdala, and frontal and temporal regions.
This twin study uses structural equation modeling to examine whether white matter integrity is associated with the genetic liability for developing schizophrenia.
This study determines the neural correlates of disturbed body awareness in borderline personality disorder and its associations with emotional dysregulation.
This Neuroscience and Psychiatry article discusses white matter alterations and brain connectivity in schizophrenia.
This study compares connectivity development in patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia and their healthy siblings.
This case-control study investigates the association between IQ and brain measures in patients with schizophrenia across time.
This cross-sectional study reports that global differences in gray matter volume may be due to alterations in the general mechanisms underlying normal brain development in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This meta-analysis identified a concordance across psychiatric diagnoses in terms of integrity of an anterior insula/dorsal anterior cingulate–based network, which may relate to executive function deficits observed across diagnoses.
This case-control cross-sectional study finds that short-term treatment with antipsychotics was associated with prefrontal cortical thinning, but that treatment was associated with better cognitive control and increased prefrontal functional activity.
This retrospective analysis describes features of anterior cingulate cortex structure and connectivity that predict clinical response to dorsal anterior cingulotomy for treatment of refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. See also the editorial by van den Heuvel.
In a 2-center cross-sectional study, Redlich et al investigate and compare morphometric changes in unipolar depression (UD) and bipolar depression (BD), and replicate the findings at 2 independent neuroimaging sites. They conclude that individuals with UD and those with BD are differentiated by structural abnormalities in neural regions supporting emotion processing.
Van Dam et al identify structural neural characteristics independently associated with childhood maltreatment, comparing a sample with substance use disorders with a demographically comparable control sample, and they examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment–related structural brain changes and subsequent relapse.
Moeller and coauthors investigate the neural correlates of impaired insight in addiction using a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-based morphometry approach.