This study assesses whether certain factors identified with structural magnetic resonance imaging techniques are able to predict response to electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depressive disorder.
This cross-sectional study compares white matter myelination and microstructure in individuals with vs without psychotic experiences and examines neurodevelopmental variables associated with the experiences.
This study determines the neural correlates of disturbed body awareness in borderline personality disorder and its associations with emotional dysregulation.
This observational study investigates whether cannabis use during early adolescence is associated with variations in male brain maturation as a function of genetic risk for schizophrenia in 3 samples of adolescents who underwent magnetic resonance imaging and risk evaluation.
This study compares connectivity development in patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia and their healthy siblings.
This case-control study investigates the association between IQ and brain measures in patients with schizophrenia across time.
Van Dam et al identify structural neural characteristics independently associated with childhood maltreatment, comparing a sample with substance use disorders with a demographically comparable control sample, and they examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment–related structural brain changes and subsequent relapse.
Mathew et al characterize medial temporal lobe structures, including hippocampal subfields, using magnetic resonance imaging and examine their relation to psychosis and cognitive function across the psychosis spectrum.
Kühn and Gallinat determine whether frequent pornography consumption is associated with the frontostriatal network.
Fears et al aim to identify quantitative neurocognitive, temperament-related, and neuroanatomical phenotypes that appear heritable and associated with severe bipolar disorder (BP) (bipolar I disorder) and therefore suitable for genetic linkage and association studies aimed at identifying variants contributing to bipolar I disorder risk.
Lee et al conduct a cross-sectional study to determine the synergistic effects of amyloid burden and cerebrovascular disease on cognition in patients with subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment.
Miller and coauthors examined the cortices of adults who reported high importance vs low importance of religion or spirituality.
Moeller and coauthors investigate the neural correlates of impaired insight in addiction using a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and voxel-based morphometry approach.
In a combined 3-T structural magnetic resonance imaging and single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study, Kraguljac and coauthors evaluate hippocampal volumetric measures and neurometabolite levels in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia and the correlations between these markers. See the editorial by Öngür.
Palaniyappan et al determine whether patients with first-episode psychosis who do not respond to 12 weeks of antipsychotic treatment already have significant gyrification defects at illness onset.