Submitted for Publication: May 16, 2013; final revision received December 12, 2013; accepted January 7, 2014.
Published Online: March 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.5.
Study concept and design: Byers, Covinsky, Yaffe.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Byers, Neylan, Yaffe.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Byers.
Obtained funding: Byers.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Byers, Neylan, Yaffe.
Study supervision: Byers, Neylan, Yaffe.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by Department of Defense grant W81XWH-11-2-0189, which was administered by the Northern California Institute for Research and Education and with resources of the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Dr Byers), and in part by a K24 Midcareer Investigator Award (AG031155) from the National Institute on Aging (Dr Yaffe). The National Comorbidity Survey Replication was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (U01-MH60220), with supplemental support from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (R01-DA12058-05), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (044708), and the John W. Alden Trust. The National Survey of American Life was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (U01-MH57716), with supplemental support from the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at the National Institutes of Health and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. The National Latino and Asian American Study was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (U01-MH062209 and U01-MH62207), with supplemental support from the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at the National Institutes of Health, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency, and the Latino Research Program Project (P01-MH059876).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentations: Portions of this study were presented at the Gerontological Society of America’s 2012 Annual Meeting, November 16, 2012, San Diego, California, and the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry’s 2013 Annual Meeting, March 16, 2013, Los Angeles, California.
Disclaimer: We acknowledge that the original collector of the data, sponsoring organizations, agencies, or the US government bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based on such uses. The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed otherwise.
Additional Contributions: This research used the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) data (2001-2003). The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (Ann Arbor, Michigan) is responsible for the preparation, organization, and access of the public use of these data (http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/CPES). We thank the CPES researchers who participated in collecting the data that made this project possible.