Submitted for Publication: August 19, 2011; accepted October 10, 2011.
Author Contributions: Dr Joffe had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Financial Disclosure: Dr Joffe has received research support from Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals and has served as a consultant to JDS-Noven Pharmaceutical, Pfizer Inc, and Sunovion.
Funding/Support: The SWAN has received grant support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Health and Human Services, through the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Nursing Research, and the Office of Research on Women's Health (grants NR004061, AG012505, AG012535, AG012531, AG012539, AG012546, AG012553, AG012554, and AG012495) and from the National Institute of Mental Health (grant MH59689). Support for this research was also provided in part by grant 5R01MH082922 from the National Institute of Mental Health (Dr Joffe).
Clinical Centers: University of Michigan (MaryFran Sowers, principal investigator [PI]); Massachusetts General Hospital (Joel Finkelstein, PI 1999-present; and Robert Neer, PI 1994-1999); Rush University, Rush University Medical Center (Howard Kravitz, PI 2009-present; and Lynda Powell, PI 1994-2009); University of California, Davis/Kaiser (Ellen Gold, PI); University of California, Los Angeles (Gail Greendale, PI); Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Rachel Wildman, PI 2010; and Nanette Santoro, PI 2004-2010); University of Medicine and Dentistry–New Jersey Medical School (Gerson Weiss, PI 1994-2004); and University of Pittsburgh (Karen Matthews, PI).
NIH Program Office: National Institute on Aging (Sherry Sherman, 1994-present; and Marcia Ory, 1994-2001); National Institute of Nursing Research (project officers).
Central Laboratory: University of Michigan (Daniel McConnell [Central Ligand Assay Satellite Services]).
Coordinating Center: University of Pittsburgh (Kim Sutton-Tyrrell, PI 2001-present); New England Research Institutes (Sonja McKinlay, PI 1995-2001).
Steering Committee: Susan Johnson, current chairperson, and Chris Gallagher, former chairperson.
Disclaimer: The content of this manuscript is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Aging, National Institute of Nursing Research, Office of Research on Women's Health, or National Institute of Mental Health.
Additional Contributions: We thank the study staff at each site and all the women who participated in the SWAN.