In May 2012, the French city of Orléans celebrated the 600th birthday of their heroine Joan of Arc (1412-1431), a French peasant whose courageous leadership helped liberate the city from the English invaders. This liberation, which was led by the 17-year-old Joan, halted the advance of the English into the south of France and resulted in the crowning of the Dauphin, Charles VII, heir to the throne, as king of France. Joan of Arc's leadership was a turning point in the Hundred Years' War and played a pivotal role in the ultimate ousting of the English from France.
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Anonymous, 15th century. Joan of Arc from an illuminated manuscript. Musée de l’Histoire de France, Paris. Image size: 4096 × 4772 pixels. Photo: Bulloz. Photograph reproduced by kind permission of RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, New York, NY.
Joan of Arc's interrogation in prison, 1824. Paul Delaroche (1797-1856), French. Joan of Arc, sick, is interrogated in her prison by the cardinal of Winchester, 1824. Oil on canvas, 277 × 217 cm (109 × 85 in). Musée des Beaux Arts, Rouen, France. Photo: P. Bernard. Photograph reproduced by kind permission of RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, New York, NY.
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