Submitted for Publication: July 27, 2012; final revision received October 18, 2012; accepted November 26, 2012.
Published Online: June 19, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.1361.
Acquisition of data: Tremblay, Boivin, Séguin, Côté.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Herba, Boivin, Liu, Mongeau, Côté.
Drafting of the manuscript: Herba, Tremblay, Mongeau, Séguin, Côté.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Herba, Tremblay, Boivin, Liu, Séguin, Côté.
Statistical analysis: Herba, Liu, Mongeau, Côté.
Obtained funding: Tremblay, Boivin, Côté.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Herba, Tremblay, Boivin, Côté.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Tremblay is the founding scientific director of the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by the Québec Government’s Ministry of Health, the Fonds pour la Recherche en Santé du Québec, the Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Société et la Culture, Canada’s Social Science and Humanities Research Council, the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, and the University of Montréal.
Previous Presentations: Preliminary analyses based on this work were previously presented at the Life History Conference; October 17, 2010; Montréal, Québec, Canada; and at the Society for Research in Child Development Conference; April 1, 2011; Montréal, Québec, Canada.
Additional Contributions: The Québec Institute of Statistics and their partners and the staff of the Research Group on Children’s Psychosocial Maladjustment provided data collection and management.