We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Art and Images in Psychiatry |

Departure Max Beckmann

James C. Harris, MD1
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
JAMA Psychiatry. 2013;70(9):893-894. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.2005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


On July 19, 1937, the day after hearing Adolf Hitler’s radio broadcast announcing the opening of the House of German Art, renowned expressionist Max Beckmann (1884-1950) and his wife Quappi fled Berlin for the Netherlands. They were never to return to Germany. The House of German Art, the first building erected by the new regime, would show only the finest art, that approved by the Third Reich, and none by modern artists now deemed degenerate. Hitler raved against decadent modern artists like Beckmann in his radio address. He demeaned modern artists, claiming that they see “our people as decadent cretins” and distort the world by painting meadows blue, skies green, and clouds sulfur yellow. Hitler ordered the Minister of the Interior to “prevent at least the further hereditary propagation of these gruesome optical disturbances.”2(p26) Thus, modern artists, along with people with mental illnesses, were targeted for sterilization in the Nazi eugenics campaign.3

Figures in this Article


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview


Place holder to copy figure label and caption

Graphic Jump LocationImage not available.

Max Beckmann (1884-1950), German. Departure, 1932-1933. Oil on canvas, 3 panels: center panel 215.3 × 115.2 cm (843/4 × 453/8 in) and side panels 215.3 × 99.7 cm (843/4 × 391/4 in) each. The Museum of Modern Art New York, NY. © 2013 Artists Rights Society, New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn, Germany.




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Collections