Submitted for Publication: March 20, 2013; accepted July 1, 2013.
Published Online: December 4, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.2803.
Study concept and design: Goldman-Mellor, Caspi, Nada-Raja, Poulton, Moffitt.
Acquisition of data: Caspi, Harrington, Hogan, Nada-Raja, Poulton, Moffitt.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Goldman-Mellor, Caspi, Harrington, Nada-Raja, Moffitt.
Drafting of the manuscript: Goldman-Mellor.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Goldman-Mellor, Caspi.
Obtained funding: Goldman-Mellor, Caspi, Nada-Raja, Poulton, Moffitt.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Harrington, Hogan, Poulton.
Study supervision: Goldman-Mellor, Caspi, Moffitt.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit is supported by the New Zealand Health Research Council. This study was supported by grant AG032282 from the US National Institute of Aging, grant MR/K00381X from the UK Medical Research Council, and a postdoctoral fellowship provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (T32-HD07376) through the Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Dr Goldman-Mellor). Additional support was provided by the Jacobs Foundation. No other disclosures were reported.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the Dunedin Study members, their families, Unit research staff, and Study founder Phil Silva, PhD. The Dunedin police provided official crime data, the New Zealand Ministry of Social Development, especially Moira Wilson, BA, and Rissa Ota, PhD, provided the welfare data, and the Accident Compensation Corporation, especially Zeeman van der Merwe, BA, provided the official accidental injury data. Renate Houts, PhD, Benjamin Williams, BSc, and Karen Sugden, PhD, provided research assistance. None of the contributors received compensation.