Submitted for Publication: May 14, 2013; final revision received October 13, 2013; accepted November 14, 2013.
Published Online: March 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.4546.
Study concept and design: Bowen, Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Chawla, Collins, Larimer.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bowen, Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Chawla, Hsu, Carroll, Harrop, Collins, Lustyk.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bowen, Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Hsu, Carroll, Collins, Lustyk, Larimer.
Statistical analysis: Bowen, Witkiewitz, Collins.
Obtained funding: Bowen, Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Collins, Lustyk, Larimer.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Carroll, Harrop, Lustyk.
Study supervision: Bowen, Clifasefi, Chawla, Collins, Larimer.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Bowen, Grow, and Chawla conduct MBRP trainings for which they receive monetary incentives, although the findings presented in this article have not yet been presented as part of these trainings. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: The National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA) sponsored this research, which provided participant incentives, partial support for researchers (Drs Bowen, Witkiewitz, Clifasefi, Grow, Chawla, Collins, and Larimer), and all of the costs associated with conducting the study. National Institutes of Health supplemental grants (UL1RR025014 and 1K18DA031464-01) provided partial support for Dr Lustyk. Ms Carroll was partially supported by NIH supplemental grant UL1RR025014 awarded to Dr Lustyk. Ms Hsu was supported by NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism F31 fellowship AA 019608-03. Some salary support was provided through NIDA grant 5R01DA025764-02 for Ms Harrop through a consortium agreement to Recovery Centers of King County (RCKC). Recovery Centers of King County has also sponsored project research efforts among their administrators and staff in line with the consortium agreement. Additionally, RCKC provided space for participant groups and baseline and follow-up interviews.
Role of the Sponsor: The NIH/NIDA had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We dedicate this article to G. Alan Marlatt, PhD, whose innovative approaches and dedication to the field of addictive behaviors transformed many aspects of the study of addictive behaviors. Dr Marlatt died March 14, 2011. The following individuals located and interviewed study participants, entered data, and assisted with other necessary office tasks: Michelle Chan, BS, Matt Enkema, BA, and Sara Hoang, BS (University of Washington); Beth Dana, MS (Antioch University); David Dunkley, BFA (Cornish College of the Arts); Sarah Sanderson, BA (University of Washington–Tacoma); and Elizabeth Shilling, BA (Seattle Pacific University). These individuals received no additional financial compensation for their services. We acknowledge the RCKC for their collaboration. We also acknowledge all of our study therapists.