Submitted for Publication: February 14, 2014; final revision received June 5, 2014; accepted July 1, 2014.
Published Online: November 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.1575.
Study concept and design: Fortney, Pyne, Kimbrell, Robinson, Schnurr.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Fortney, Pyne, Hudson, Schneider, Moore, Custer, Grubbs, Schnurr.
Drafting of the manuscript: Fortney, Pyne, Kimbrell, Hudson, Grubbs.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Fortney, Pyne, Robinson, Schneider, Moore, Custer, Schnurr.
Statistical analysis: Fortney, Pyne.
Obtained funding: Fortney.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Fortney, Pyne, Kimbrell, Hudson, Robinson, Schneider, Moore, Custer, Grubbs.
Study supervision: Fortney, Pyne, Schneider.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant MHI 08-098 from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) (Dr Fortney); by the VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Mental Healthcare and Outcomes Research; and by the VA South Central Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The contents of this report do not represent the views of the VA or the US government.
Additional Contributions: Kathy Magruder, PhD, Lisa Meredith, PhD, and Doug Zatzick, MD, participated as part of the scientific advisory board. Michael McCarther, BS, Amanda Lunsford, MS, Camille Mack, LaNissa Gilmore, BS, Julie Ann Joy, MSW, Debbie Hodges, BS, Tony Diblasi, BS, Chris Steven, BS, Becky Doan, MS, Betty “Sunny” Ackerman, RN, Carole Markham, RN, Alisa Miller, PharmD, Col John Starzyk, RN, USAF (Ret), and Richard Cranston, MS, BCPP, assisted with research. Jay Otero, MD, contributed as a site principal investigator, and passed away on October 31, 2013. None of these contributors were compensated for their efforts. We thank all the veterans who participated, as well as the staff of the VA community-based outpatient clinics in El Dorado, Arkansas; Pine Bluff, Arkansas; Mena, Arkansas; Mountain Home, Arkansas; Searcy, Arkansas; Texarkana, Arkansas; Monroe, Louisiana; Longview, Texas; Palm Desert, California; Sun City, California; and Victorville, California.
Corrections: This article was corrected on December 2, 2014, to fix a value in Table 2 and on January 7, 2015, to fix the Abstract.