We would like to thank the many Veterans Affairs staff members (program directors, clinical, clerical, and evaluation staff) and the hundreds of veterans at Intensive Psychiatric Community Care demonstration sites who made this project possible. In particular, we are grateful for the support of the following people: M. Hahn, ACSW; N. Pazienza, PhD; and M. Coppola, ACSW, Albany, NY; N. Denton, MSW; J Winarski, LICSW; D. Bitman, PhD; D. Chew, MSW; and W. Penk, PhD; Boston, Mass; M. Tsuang, MD, PhD; J. Simpson, PhD; E. Brown, PhD; G. Lockwood, MSS; N. Noel, PhD; J. O'Connor, OTR; M. Hastings-Procaccino, MSW; and J. Spoltore, PhD, Brockton/West Roxbury, Mass; D. Heimowitz, MSW; D. Harris-Cobbinah, CNS; S. Rochester, CNS; S. Gentile, MA; and E. Mayer, BSW, Bronx, NY; S. Krishnaswamy, MD; J. King; J. Jordan, MSW; C. Shams, RN; L. Smith, MSW; C. Glair, RN; and R. Sullivan, MSW, Buffalo, NY; B. Lewis, RN; R. Linares, MD; D. Fogarty; R. Davis, MS; and T. Roach, BA, Canandaigua, NY; A. Russo, MSW; E. Garrett, RN; and J. Ammazzalorso, Montrose, NY; L. Lantinga, PhD; G. Kline, MA; and M. Baker, Syracuse, NY; L. Harkness, PhD; J. Brady, LPN; D. Deegan, MSW; B. Johnson, MSN; C. Sweeney, RN; H. Spencer, MA; and M. Cinquanta, BA, West Haven, Conn. We also acknowledge R. Baldino; D. Thompson, BS; B. Zigler, MS; A. Ackles, BS; and D. Showalter, BS, of the Northeast Program Evaluation Center, West Haven, Conn, for critical assistance with data preparation and analysis. Philip Leaf, PhD, and Robert Milstein, MD, PhD, assisted with the design of the study. Alan Fontana, PhD; Donald Hedeker, PhD; Marilyn Stolar; and Weichun Xu, PhD, assisted with statistical analysis and Linda Frisman, PhD, and Henry Dove, PhD, with cost estimation methods. Finally, we are grateful to Paul Errera, MD, VA Central Office; Donald Burnette, former Director, VA Eastern Region; Al Washko, former VA Region 1 Director; and Ted Stefos, PhD, for their continuous encouragement and support. Boris Astrachan, MD, provided valuable advice at many junctures. Elizabeth Brown, PhD; David Gittleson, DSW; Terrence Keane, PhD; Stephen Price, MD; and Ming Tsuang, MD, PhD, served on the advisory Northeast Regional Mental Health Task Force during the implementation of this project.