Verbal memory deficits are common in schizophrenia. However, these deficits have repeatedly been found in the context of generalized cognitive dysfunction, suggesting that they result from a more basic cognitive deficit such as inattention. Wexler et alArticle divided patients with schizophrenia into those who passed and those who failed a test of attentional competence. Patients who passed had deficits in verbal memory but performed normally on more difficult nonverbal tests. These results suggest that general performance factors such as motivation, attention, or global memory are not the basis for verbal memory deficits in schizophrenia.