Submitted for Publication: April 29, 2014; final revision received June 27, 2014; accepted August 4, 2014.
Published Online: December 30, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.2141.
Study concept and design: Brent, Melhem, Oquendo, Birmaher, Keilp, Stanley, Mann.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Brent, Melhem, Oquendo, Burke, Birmaher, Stanley, Biernesser, Kolko, Ellis, Porta, Zelazny, Iyengar, Mann.
Drafting of the manuscript: Brent, Oquendo, Birmaher.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Brent, Melhem, Oquendo, Birmaher, Ellis, Porta, Iyengar.
Obtained funding: Brent, Melhem, Oquendo, Birmaher, Keilp, Iyengar, Mann.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Brent, Oquendo, Stanley, Biernesser, Kolko, Mann.
Study supervision: Brent, Melhem, Burke, Biernesser, Keilp, Zelazny, Mann.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: In the 3 years before submission, Dr Oquendo reported receiving unrestricted educational grants from AstraZeneca, Janssen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, and Shire, receiving royalties from the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and receiving royalties from the electronic self-rated version of the C-SSRS from ERT Inc. Her family owns stock in Bristol Myers Squibb. Dr Stanley reported receiving royalties from the C-SSRS, receiving royalties from the electronic self-rated version of the C-SSRS from ERT Inc, and receiving support from grants from the National Institutes of Health and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. Dr Birmaher reported receiving research support from the National Institute of Mental Health and receiving royalties from Random House Inc, Lippincott Williams & Williams, and UpToDate. Dr Burke reported receiving royalties from the C-SSRS. Dr Mann reported receiving royalties for commercial use of the C-SSRS from the Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene and having stock options in Qualitas Health, a start-up company developing an eicosapentaenoic acid food supplement. Dr Kolko reported receiving funding for federal research grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Dr Brent reported receiving royalties from Guilford Press, receiving royalties from the electronic self-rated version of the C-SSRS from ERT Inc, and serving on the editorial board of UpToDate. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grants MH056612 (Dr Brent), MH056390 (Dr Mann), and MH077930 (Dr Melhem) from the National Institute of Mental Health and a Young Investigator Award from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (Dr Melhem).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: The following project staff from the University of Pittsburgh provided outstanding work on this project: Joseph Park, MA, who participated in manuscript preparation; Monica Walker Payne, MA, who provided leadership with project coordination; Thomas Hahner, MS, and Emily Hogan, MSCP, LPC, NCC, who worked as clinical interviewers; Irina Puchkareva, MS, who assisted with database management; and Dana Kaufman, BFA, who assisted with database entry.