We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Commentary |

Social Violence Research Questions on Local Experiences and Global Responses

Arthur Kleinman, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999;56(11):978-979. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.56.11.978.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


DAVID HAMBURG and his colleagues1 are to be praised for bringing squarely before behavioral scientists the crucial issue of how a research agenda can be developed out of the behavioral and social sciences for the prevention of deadly conflicts. The Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, begun when David Hamburg was president and led the Carnegie Corporation, has produced a report2 that makes the case for applying political and psychological knowledge to one of the most ominous issues of our time. This is a courageous document because it flies in the face of a decade-long transformation in European and American psychiatry that has, in my view, too narrowly restricted the problem and solution frame of psychiatric research to a disconcertingly strict agenda focused on disease pathogenesis and psychopharmacology. Hamburg et al argue for a rather different perspective, one in which psychiatry and behavioral science research engage a major human problem of our era with simply enormous public and mental health consequences. The example they use—political leadership—requires studying up the higher levels of national and international leadership cohorts in the attempt to unpack the black box of political will, that ubiquitous but unspecified explanation of the failure to prevent so many civil conflicts. In support of the agenda for research they seek to foster, I will draw on my own background in medical anthropology to look at other levels of social conflict, from the local world—the village, the urban neighborhood, the network of relationships—to international agencies to suggest additional questions for research.



Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

4 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...
Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles