HN Juvenile Arrests 1999. Washington, DC Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention2000;
N Juvenile Court Statistics 1997. Washington DC Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention2000;
M Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report. Washington, DC Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention1999;
G Detention in Delinquency Cases, 1988-1997. Washington, DC Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention2000;
EJ Legal and ethical duties of health care professionals to incarcerated children. J Leg Med.
1987;8191- 263Link to Article
LW The relationships between youth's identified substance use, mental health or other problems at a juvenile assessment center and their referrals to needed services. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse.
1997;623- 54Link to Article
WE Comparing the mental health needs of female and male incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Behav Sci Law.
1997;15195- 202Link to Article
NAed Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. Washington, DC National Academy Press2001;
General Accounting Office, Mentally Ill Inmates: Better Data Would Help Determine Protection and Advocacy Needs. Washington, DC General Accounting Office1991;
KR Youth with mental health disorders: issues and emerging responses. Juvenile Justice. 2000;73- 13
GB Depression in an adolescent delinquent population. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1980;371179- 1184Link to Article
VE Suicide attempters within a delinquent population. J Consult Clin Psychol.
1982;50491- 498Link to Article
A Psychiatric disturbance in serious delinquents. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry.
1984;23602- 615Link to Article
WL Borderline personality in serious delinquents. Compr Psychiatry.
1984;25446- 454Link to Article
RP Out of Home Care. Albany New York State Council on Children and Families1984;
FD Characteristics of incarcerated delinquents: relationship between development disorders, environmental and family factors, and patterns of offense and recidivism. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry.
1985;24221- 226Link to Article
K Mad, Bad, Sad, Can't Add: Florida Adolescent and Child Treatment Study (FACTS). Tampa University of South Florida, Florida Mental Health Institute1986;
E Biopsychosocial characteristics of matched samples of delinquents and nondelinquents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1987;26744- 752Link to Article
TL Prevalence of emotional disorders in a juvenile justice institutional population. Am J Forensic Psychol. 1991;95- 17
JC Comorbidity of conduct disorder and personality disorders in an incarcerated juvenile population. Am J Psychiatry. 1993;1501233- 1236
Z Posttraumatic stress disorder in incarcerated juvenile delinquents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1997;36357- 365Link to Article
SM Prevalence of common psychiatric disorders among American Indian adolescent detainees. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1998;37866- 873Link to Article
ED Substance Abuse Need for Treatment Among Arrestees(SANTA) in Maryland: Youth in the Juvenile Justice System. College Park, Md Center for Substance Abuse Research1998;
H Posttraumatic stress disorder among female juvenile offenders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1998;371209- 1216Link to Article
F Mental health and incarcerated youth, I: prevalence and nature of psychopathology. J Child Fam Stud.
1999;8193- 204Link to Article
S Affective disorder in juvenile offenders: a preliminary study. Am J Psychiatry. 2000;157130- 132
PA Prevalence of adolescent substance use disorders across five sectors of care. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
2001;40419- 426Link to Article
GA Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in youth across five sectors of care. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
2001;40409- 418Link to Article
A Uncommon troubles in young people: prevalence estimates of selected psychiatric disorders in a nonreferred adolescent population. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1990;47487- 496Link to Article
BZ Epidemiologic evidence for early onset of mental disorders and higher risk of drug abuse in young adults. Am J Psychiatry. 1988;145971- 975
J Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. 2nd Hillsdale, NJ Lawrence Earlbaum Associates1988;
DA The NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): description, acceptability, prevalence rates, and performance in the MECA Study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1996;35865- 877Link to Article
K Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics—1999. Washington, DC US Dept of Justice2000;
US Bureau of the Census, The Hispanic Population. Washington, DC US Dept of Commerce2001;
P Psychosocial concepts in juvenile law. Law Hum Behav.
1988;12403- 437Link to Article
Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, Trends and Issues 1997. Chicago Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority1997;
Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects: Notices and Rules, part 2, Vol 56, No. 117 (18 June 1991), 56 Federal Register. 28002-32
D Use of passive consent in child/adolescent mental health research—effect of letter from Dr Charles R. McCarthy, Director of the Office for Protection from Research Risks, NIH [editorial]. Res Notes Child Adolesc Psychiatry. Summer1992;10- 10
CB Integrating science and ethics in research with high-risk children and youth. Soc Policy Rep. 1993;71- 27
K Ethical issues: assent, consent, and behavioral research with adolescents. Res Notes Child Psychiatry. Summer1992;7- 10
M The Spanish translation and cultural adaptation of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) in Puerto Rico. Cult Med Psychiatry.
1993;17329- 344Link to Article
DB Sensitivity of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, 2nd edition (DISC-2.1), for specific diagnoses of children and adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1993;32666- 673Link to Article
P The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children–Revised Version(DISC-R), III: concurrent criterion validity. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1993;32658- 658Link to Article
M The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children–Revised Version(DISC-R), II: test-retest reliability. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1993;32651- 651Link to Article
D The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children–Revised Version(DISC-R), I: preparation, field testing, interrater reliability, and acceptability. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1993;32643- 643Link to Article
DS Criterion validity of the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3 (DISC-2.3). J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1996;35878- 878Link to Article
TJ Contribution of ADHD symptoms to substance problems and delinquency in conduct-disordered adolescents. J Abnorm Child Psychol.
1996;24325- 325Link to Article
MK How specific is specific impairment? J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
2000;391182- 1182Link to Article
A Prevalence of psychopathology among children and adolescents. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155715- 715
DL The Great Smoky Mountains Study of Youth: functional impairment and serious emotional disturbance. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1996;531137- 1137Link to Article
JC Further measures of the psychometric properties of the Children's Global Assessment Scale. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1987;44821- 821Link to Article
S A Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS). Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1983;401228- 1228Link to Article
WG Sampling Techniques. New York, NY John Wiley & Sons1997;
S Sampling of Populations: Methods and Applications. New York, NY John Wiley & Sons1999;
CM The Great Smoky Mountains Study of Youth: goals, design, methods, and the prevalence of DSM-III-R
disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1996;531129- 1129Link to Article
LJ The Virginia Twin Study of Adolescent Behavioral Development: influences of age, sex, and impairment on rates of disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1997;54801- 801Link to Article
AG Psychiatric and substance use disorders in South Florida: racial/ethnic and gender contrasts in a young adult cohort. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
2002;5943- 43Link to Article
EE Epidemiology of DSM-III-R
major depression and minor depression among adolescents and young adults in the National Comorbidity Survey. Depress Anxiety.
1998;73- 3Link to Article
disorders from age 11 to age 15 years. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1992;3150- 50Link to Article
KL Incidence of major depressive disorder and dysthymia in young adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1997;36458- 458Link to Article
C Psychosocial background and behavioral and emotional disorders of homeless and runaway youth. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1992;43155- 155
T Psychiatric diagnoses of maltreated children: preliminary findings. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1992;31863- 863Link to Article
A A follow-up of female delinquents: maternal contributions to the perpetuation of deviance. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1991;30197- 197Link to Article
GM Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among incarcerated women, I: pretrial jail detainees. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1996;53505- 505Link to Article
JS An epidemiological study of disorders in late childhood and adolescence, II: persistence of disorders. J Child Psychol Psychiatry.
1993;34869- 869Link to Article
M Psychiatric disorders associated with substance use among children and adolescents: findings from the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study. J Abnorm Child Psychol.
1997;25121- 121Link to Article
WR Psychiatric disorder in a birth cohort of young adults: prevalence, comorbidity, clinical significance, and new case incidence from ages 11 to21. J Consult Clin Psychol.
1996;64552- 552Link to Article
EJ Depressive comorbidity in children and adolescents: empirical, theoretical, and methodological issues. Am J Psychiatry. 1993;1501779- 1779
Y Comorbidity of substance abuse and other psychiatric disorders in adolescents. Am J Psychiatry. 1989;1461131- 1131
LA Co-occurring disorders among mentally ill jail detainees: implications for public policy. Am Psychol.
1991;461036- 1036Link to Article
JJ Psychopathology in hospitalized alcoholics. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
1985;421050- 1050Link to Article
R Young chronic patients and substance abuse. Hosp Comm Psychiatry. 1989;401037- 1037
OC Health and mental health problems of homeless men and women. JAMA.
1989;2621352- 1352Link to Article
JA Female Offenders in the Juvenile Justice System. Washington, DC Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention1996;
M Co-occurrence of conduct disorder and its adult outcomes with depressive and anxiety disorders: a review. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1992;31547- 547Link to Article
M Development of juvenile aggression and violence. Am Psychol.
1998;53242- 242Link to Article
EE High-risk children in young adulthood: a longitudinal study from birth to 32 years. Am J Orthopsychiatry.
1989;5972- 72Link to Article
National Research Council, Losing Generations: Adolescents in High-Risk Settings. Washington, DC National Academy Press1993;
CS A clinical follow-up of delinquent males: ignored vulnerabilities, unmet needs, and the perpetuation of violence. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1994;33518- 518Link to Article
J The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychol Bull.
2000;126309- 309Link to Article
EL Mental disorders and service utilization among youths from homeless and low-income housed families. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1997;36890- 890Link to Article
J Gender differences in mental health service needs among youths entering a juvenile detention center. J Prison Jail Health. 1993;1273- 73
JJ Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Youth in the Juvenile Justice System. Seattle, Wash National Coalition for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System1992;
JM Risk of death among serious young offenders. J Res Crime Delinq.
1997;34187- 187Link to Article
DP Gun injury and mortality: the delinquent backgrounds of juvenile victims. Violence Vict. 1999;14339- 339
National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, Families on the Brink: The Impact of Ignoring Children With Serious Mental Illness: Results of a National Survey of Parents and Other Caregivers. Arlington, Va National Alliance for the Mentally Ill1999;
J Children's mental health: changing paradigms and policies. Zigler
NWeds.Children, Families, and Government: Preparing for the Twenty-first Century NewYork, NY Cambridge University Press1996;207- 232
N Help-seeking pathways for children and adolescents. J Emotional Behav Dis.
1996;4210- 210Link to Article
RE Juvenile offenders in criminal court and adult prison: legal, psychological, and behavioral outcomes. Juvenile Fam Court J. Winter1999;1- 20
US Department of Health and Human Services, Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, Md US Dept of Health and Human Services1999;
T What we know about youths' capacities as trial defendants. Grisso
RGeds.Youth on Trial: A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice Chicago, Ill Universityof Chicago Press2000;139- 171
DM Juvenile offenders in the adult criminal justice system. Crime Justice. 2000;2781- 81
DP Getting tough with juvenile offenders: explaining support for sanctioning youths as adults. Criminal Justice Behav.
2001;28206- 206Link to Article
TL Major Issues in Juvenile Justice Information and Training. Washington, DC US Dept of Justice1982;
A The impact of welfare reform on parents' ability to care for their children's health. Am J Public Health.
1999;89502- 502Link to Article
Center for Mental Health Services, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Under the State Children's Health Insurance Program. Rockville, Md US Dept of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration2000;
A Insurance coverage and mental health service use by adolescents with serious emotional disturbance. J Child Fam Studies.
1997;689- 89Link to Article
D Welfare to What: Early Findings on Family Hardship and Well-Being
. Washington, DC Children's Defense Fund and National Coalition for the Homeless1998;Available athttp://www.childrensdefense.org/pdf/wlfwhat.pdf
June 5, 2002
General Accounting Office, Medicaid and SCHIP: Comparisons of Outreach, Enrollment Practices, and Benefits. Washington, DC General Accounting Office2000;
DM The evolution of welfare reform: policy changes and current knowledge. J Soc Issues.
2000;56811- 811Link to Article
W Recent Changes in the Impact of the Safety Net on Child Poverty.
Washington, DC Center on Budget and Policy Priorities1999;Availableathttp://www.cbpp.org/12-23-99wel-es.htm
June 5, 2002
JL Welfare reform, family support, and child development: perspectives from policy analysis and developmental psychopathology. Dev Psychopathol.
2000;12619- 619Link to Article
JK Managed care and mental health. N Engl J Med.
1996;334131- 131Link to Article
RG The creation of Medicare and Medicaid: the emergence of insurance and markets for mental health services. Psychiatr Serv.
2000;51465- 465Link to Article
D A developmental psychopathology perspective on child and adolescent treatment policy. Dev Psychopathol.
2000;12835- 835Link to Article
D Topics for our times: managed care and public health opportunities. Am J Public Health.
1998;88874- 874Link to Article
RC Increasing identification of psychosocial problems: 1979-1996. Pediatrics.
2000;1051313- 1313Link to Article
BJ Mental health service use by adolescents in the 1970s and 1980s. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1991;30144- 144Link to Article
US Department of Health and Human Services, Report of the Surgeon General's Conference on Children's Mental Health: A National Action Agenda. Washington, DC US Dept of Health and Human Services2000;
III National distribution of child and adolescent psychiatrists. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
1999;389- 9Link to Article
Coalition for Juvenile Justice, Handle With Care: Serving the Mental Health Needs of Young Offenders. Washington, DC Coalition for Juvenile Justice2000;
RE Barriers to meeting the mental health needs of juvenile offenders. Dev Mental Health Law. 1999;191- 23
J Community Perspectives on the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Needs of Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System. Alexandria, Va National Mental Health Association and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention2000;
T Juvenile offenders and mental illness. Psychiatry Psychol Law.
1999;6143- 143Link to Article
H The nature and characteristics of psychiatric comorbidity in incarcerated adolescents. Can J Psychiatry. 1998;4357- 57