FRIDA KAHLO CALDERÓN (1907-1954) was born in Coyoacán, a suburb of Mexico City, Mexico, to a Hungarian-German father and Spanish–Mexican Indian mother. As a child, she had polio involving her right leg but recovered sufficiently to engage actively in sports. Her imagination was vivid; when alone in her room, she would cloud a glass windowpane with her breath and then trace a doorway with her finger. In her imagination she would pass through it and travel to the middle of the earth to join an imaginary, joyful companion, share secrets with her, and watch her dance, then happily return through the same door, watching her companion disappear as she erased it. Frida attended the prestigious National Preparation School in Mexico City, hoping to become a physician. All her potential seemed lost when on September 17, 1925, at age 18 years, a streetcar hit the bus she was riding. She was impaled by an iron handrail that entered her left hip, creating a penetrating abdominal wound, and exited through her vagina with fractures of her third and fourth lumbar vertebrae, 3 fractures of the pelvis, fractures of the right foot, and dislocation of the left elbow.2(p13) The spinal fractures initially were not recognized but eventually led to immobilization with a plaster body cast for 9 months. For the rest of her life she endured the consequences of the accident, having more than 30 surgical procedures culminating in spinal fusion in 1946 and the amputation of her right lower leg in 1953, the year before she died.
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Frida Kahlo (1907-1954), Mexican. The Suicide of Dorothy Hale, 1939. Oil on masonite. Courtesy of the Phoenix Art Museum/Bridgeman Art Library. Copyright 2003, Banco de México, Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo Museums Trust, Cuauhtémoc, México.
Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Psychiatry editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.