In July 1945, Winston Churchill (1874-1965) ran for the first time for the office for prime minister of Great Britain in a national election. In wartime, he had assumed this position when Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) resigned. Churchill, a renowned and inspirational wartime leader, lost the election; it was a landslide victory for the Labor party. Although deeply disappointed, he publicly accepted the verdict of the electorate with grace. The votes had been cast on July 5, but there was a 3-week interval before the votes were fully counted; Churchill learned that he had lost on July 26 during the Big Three (Truman, Churchill, Stalin) Potsdam Conference (July 17-August 2, 1945) in Berlin, Germany. During that interval, Truman notified Churchill about successful tests of the atomic bomb in New Mexico. Churchill agreed with Truman to the plan to drop the atomic bomb on Japan if the Japanese refused to surrender.2(p90,99,100)It was Churchill’s last involvement in a major wartime decision.