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Art and Images in Psychiatry |

Bernagchen Mahakala

James C. Harris, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009;66(2):122-123. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.553.
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In 1729 Situ Panchen Chokyi Jungne moved his monastic seat to Palpung Monastery in Eastern Tibet. There he revitalized the scholarship of his religious school, excelling in the translation of early religious texts, Tibetan grammar, poetry, and painting.2His responsibilities increased when the leader of his Tibetan religious school, the 12th Karmapa (1703-1732), died in China under questionable circumstances while en route to meet the Manchu imperial family.3

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Figure 1.

Artist unknown. The Eighth Situ Panchen, Chokyi Jungne, 19th century. Eastern Tibet. Karma Gardri Painting School. Shechen Archives. Thanks to Karl Debreczeny, Jeff Watt, and E. Gene Smith for their expertise and advice.

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Figure 2.

Situ Panchen Chokyi Jungne (1700-1774), Tibetan (Karma [Kagyu] lineage). Bernag Chen, Vajra Mahakala(the Great Black-Cloak Vajra Mahakala). Ground mineral pigment, black background on silk, 22.50 × 13.75 in (57.15 × 34.93 cm). Collection of Rubin Museum of Art (item No. 65083; acc. No. C2002.8.4) (http://www.himalayanart.org/image.cfm/65083.html)

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