Art and Images in Psychiatry |

Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds

James C. Harris, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009;66(11):1159-1161. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.161.
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This year we commemorate the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin (1809-1882). His foundational On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Lifewas published in London, England, on Thursday, November 24, 1859; the first edition of 1250 copies sold out within 24 hours. A second edition of 3000 copies with corrections appeared soon afterward on January 7, 1860. There were 6 editions, each with alterations and corrections. The phrase “survival of the fittest” first appeared in the fifth edition in 1869. The sixth and final edition, issued in 1872, is titled The Origin of Species. During Darwin's lifetime, translations appeared in 11 languages.3

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Martin Johnson Heade (1819-1904), American. Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds, 1871. Oil on wood, 34.8× 45.6 cm. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art (http://www.nga.gov), Washington, DC; gift of The Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation. Image ©2009 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art.

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Figure 1.

The “I think . . . ‘tree of life’ page” from Charles Darwin's notebook B. Cambridge University Library MS.DAR.121:p36. By permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

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Figure 2.

John Collier (1850-1934), English. Portrait of Charles Darwin, 1883 (1881). Oil on canvas, 49½ × 38 in (1257 × 965 mm). National Portrait Gallery (http://www.npg.org.uk/), London, United Kingdom/The Bridgeman Art Library. Thanks to Richard Macksey for consultation and review.

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