Art and Images in Psychiatry |

Camillo Golgi, Nobel Laureate: The Olfactory Bulb

James C. Harris, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(10):983-984. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.126.
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Camillo Golgi (1843-1926) was a quintessential physician scientist whose basic research is foundational to neuroscience and whose findings in histology and microbiology were groundbreaking.2 A clinician and clinical and research pathologist, Golgi did work on brain abnormality in chorea, infectious diseases, and the intra-erythrocytic cycle of the malaria parasite that had wide implications.2 His professor of psychiatry, Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909), best known for his views on the biology of criminology, encouraged and inspired Golgi's interest in the physiology and anatomy of the brain.

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Olle Hjortzberg (1872-1959), Swedish. Nobel diploma awarded to Camillo Golgi. Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1906. Museum for the History of the University of Pavia, Italy. Olfactory bulb according to Camillo Golgi. Semi-schematic drawing of fragment of a vertical section of the olfactory bulb of a dog, 1875. Museum System, University of Pavia.

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Figure 1

Olfactory bulb of a newborn cat. A, Glomerular layer. B, Mitral cell layer. C, Granular layer and white matter. A1, Terminal arborization of an olfactory fiber. A2, Tuft of a mitral cell. A3, Dendritic spines. B4, Mitral cell body. Modification of Figure 2, p 6, in: Cajal R. Studies on the Cerebral Cortex. Kraft LM, trans. Chicago, IL: Yearbook Publishers, 1955.

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Figure 2

Mouse olfactory bulb stained with DAPI (blue). Upper figure: Olfactory receptor neurons (ORN), periglomerular interneurons (PGN), mitral tuft cells (M/T). Lower figure: Olfactory nerve layer (ONL), glomerular layer (GL), external plexiform layer (EPL), mitral cell layer (MCL), and granule cell layer (GCL). Modified from figure on p 135 in: Adam Y, Mizrahi A. Circuit formation and maintenance: perspectives from the mammalian olfactory bulb. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2010;20(1):134-140. Elsevier Limited: license No. 2495070042958; license date August 23, 2010.

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