Submitted for Publication: August 21, 2014; final revision received October 25, 2014; accepted November 24, 2014.
Published Online: March 11, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.3043.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Cicero.
Statistical analysis: Ellis.
Obtained funding: Cicero.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: All authors.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Cicero serves as a consultant on the scientific advisory board of the nonprofit postmarketing Researched Abuse, Diversion, and Addiction-Related Surveillance (RADARS) system.
Funding/Support: The national data were collected as part of the Survey of Key Informants’ Patients program, a component of the RADARS system, which was funded through an unrestricted research grant from Denver Health and Hospital Authority (DHHA), which collects subscription fees from 14 pharmaceutical firms. The interview-driven Researchers and Patients Interacting Directly (RAPID) program was supported by the DHHA and private university funds.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.