Submitted for Publication: February 10, 2015; final revision received and accepted March 24, 2015.
Published Online: May 27, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.0575.
Study concept and design: McGrath, Al-Hamzawi, Alonso, Haro, Kovess-Masfety, Lepine, Ochoa, Viana, Kessler.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Saha, Alonso, Bromet, Bruffaerts, Caldas-de-Almeida, Chiu, de Jonge, Fayyad, Florescu, Gureje, Haro, Hu, Kovess-Masfety, Lepine, Lim, Mora, Navarro-Mateu, Ochoa, Sampson, Scott, Viana, Kessler.
Drafting of the manuscript: McGrath, Saha, Al-Hamzawi, Kessler.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: McGrath, Saha, Alonso, Bromet, Bruffaerts, Caldas-de-Almeida, Chiu, de Jonge, Fayyad, Florescu, Gureje, Haro, Hu, Kovess-Masfety, Lepine, Lim, Mora, Navarro-Mateu, Ochoa, Sampson, Scott, Viana, Kessler.
Statistical analysis: McGrath, Saha, Chiu, Lim, Sampson, Kessler.
Obtained funding: McGrath, Alonso, Bruffaerts, Caldas-de-Almeida, Gureje, Kovess-Masfety, Lepine, Mora.
Administrative, technical, or material support: McGrath, Bromet, Caldas-de-Almeida, de Jonge, Gureje, Hu, Lepine, Ochoa.
Study supervision: Fayyad, Navarro-Mateu, Ochoa, Sampson.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: During the past 3 years, Dr Kessler has been a consultant for Hoffman-La Roche, Inc, Johnson & Johnson Wellness and Prevention, and Sanofi and has served on advisory boards for Mensante Corporation, Plus One Health Management, Lake Nona Institute, and US Preventive Medicine. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Each World Mental Health (WMH) country obtained funding for its own survey. The São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey is supported by Thematic Project Grant 03/00 204-3 from the State of São Paulo Research Foundation; the Shenzhen Mental Health Survey, by the Shenzhen Bureau of Health and the Shenzhen Bureau of Science, Technology, and Information; the Colombian National Study of Mental Health, by the Ministry of Social Protection and the Saldarriaga Concha Foundation; the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders project, by contracts QLG5−1999−01042 and 2004123 from the European Commission, the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (the Piedmont Region [Italy]), grant FIS 00/0028 from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Spain), grant SAF 2000−158-CE from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (Spain), grants Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red CB06/02/0046 and Redes Temáticas de Investigación Cooperativa en Salud RD06/0011 REM-TAP from the Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, other local agencies, and an unrestricted educational grant from GlaxoSmithKline; the Iraq Mental Health Survey (IMHS), by funding from the Japanese and European funds through United Nations Development Group Iraq Trust Fund; the Lebanese National Mental Health Survey, by the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health, the World Health Organization (WHO) (Lebanon), anonymous private donations to the Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy and Applied Care, Lebanon, and unrestricted grants from Janssen Cilag, Eli Lilly and Company, GlaxoSmithKline, Roche, and Novartis; the Mexican National Comorbidity Survey (MNCS), by grant INPRFMDIES 4280 from The National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente, grant CONACyT-G30544-H from the National Council on Science and Technology, and supplemental support from the Pan American Health Organization; the New Zealand Mental Health Survey, by the New Zealand Ministry of Health, Alcohol Advisory Council, and the Health Research Council; the Nigerian Survey of Mental Health and Well-being, by the WHO (Geneva), the WHO (Nigeria), and the Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja; the Peruvian World Mental Health Study, by the National Institute of Health of the Ministry of Health of Peru; and the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication, by grant U01-MH60220 from the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, grant 044708 from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the John W. Alden Trust. Additional support was from John Cade Fellowship APP1056929 from the National Health and Medical Research Council (Dr McGrath).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed to represent the views or policies of any of the sponsoring organizations, agencies, or the WHO.
Additional Contributions: The surveys discussed in this article were administered in conjunction with the WHO WMH Survey Initiative. The WMH staff assisted with instrumentation, fieldwork, and data analysis, and these activities were supported by grant R01MH070884 from the US National Institute of Mental Health, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, grants R13-MH066849, R01-MH069864, and R01 DA016558 from the US Public Health Service, Fogarty International Research Collaboration award R01-TW006481 from the Fogarty International Center, the Pan American Health Organization, Eli Lilly and Company, Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc, GlaxoSmithKline, and Bristol-Myers Squibb.