We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Research Letter |

Trends in Stimulant Medication Use in Commercially Insured Youths and Adults, 2010-2014

Mehmet Burcu, MS1; Julie M. Zito, PhD1,2; Leanne Metcalfe, PhD3; Howard Underwood, MD, FSA4; Daniel J. Safer, MD5,6
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland, Baltimore
2Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland, Baltimore
3Center for Collaborative Studies, Health Care Service Corporation, Enterprise Clinical Analytics, Blue Cross and Blue Shield, Richardson, Texas
4Health Care Service Corporation, Enterprise Clinical Analytics, Enterprise Network Solutions, Blue Cross and Blue Shield, Chicago, Illinois
5Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland
6Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland
JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73(9):992-993. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.1182.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This pharmacoepidemiology study uses BCBS claims data to characterize recent trends in use of methylphenidate and amphetamine-related products in 4 US states between 2010 and 2014.

Stimulants are the most commonly prescribed treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in youths, and according to a nationally representative US household survey, there has been a sizeable increase in stimulant use among youth, from 4.0% between 1996 and 1998 to 6.6% between 2010 and 2012.1 Also, during the last decade, the US Food and Drug Administration approved an indication for stimulant use in adults to treat ADHD.

Figures in this Article

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview


Place holder to copy figure label and caption
Percentage of Male and Female Populations With Stimulant Medication Use by Age, 2014

P values were estimated from multivariable logistic regression models comparing boys/men with girls/women in the annual prevalence of stimulant use (2014) in ages 0 through 19 years, 20 through 34 years, and 35 through 64 years, adjusting for race/ethnicity, plan state, urbanicity of area of residence, and annual household income.

Graphic Jump Location




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles