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Instructions for Authors |

Archives of General Psychiatry FREE

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001;58(1):98-100. doi:.
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The Archives of General Psychiatry strives to publish original, state-of-the-art studies and commentaries of general interest to clinicians, scholars, and research scientists in psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science, and allied fields. Archives seeks to inform and to educate its readers as well as to stimulate debate and further exploration into the nature, causes, treatment, and public health importance of mental illness.


Submit manuscripts to: Jack D. Barchas, MD, Editor, Archives of General Psychiatry, Weill Medical Center of Cornell University, Dept of Psychiatry, Box 171, 525 E 68th St, New York, NY 10021. Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they are not under simultaneous consideration by another publication, have not been published previously, and have the approval of each author. Accepted manuscripts become the permanent property of the ARCHIVES. They may not be republished without permission from the publisher (AMA).

Editing. Copyediting follows AMA style and requires corresponding author approval. The authors are responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor and authorized by the corresponding author.

Reprints. Forms for ordering are included with the edited typescript sent for approval. Reprints are shipped 6 to 8 weeks after publication.

Cover Letter

• In the cover letter, designate one author as correspondent and provide a complete address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.

• For a manuscript to be reviewed, considered, or edited, the following statement must be signed by all authors:

"I have been sufficiently involved in this work to take public responsibility for its validity and final presentation as an original publication. I can and will provide documentation of my work upon reasonable request and I have fulfilled the obligations for full disclosure and authorship as described by Archives of General Psychiatry. . . ." This signed statement must conclude with one of the two following sentences: "Accordingly, I hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the AMA in the event such work is published by the AMA." [OR] "No copyright ownership can be transferred since this work was produced in the course of my official duties as a US government officer or employee."

Manuscript Preparation1,2

  • Submit an original double-spaced typescript and 7 copies.

  • Note that manuscripts will not be returned after the review process. Unpublished manuscripts will be destroyed.

  • Type—double-spaced throughout (including references)— on one side only of 8½ × 11-in white bond paper. Number all pages. Do not justify right-hand margins. Use a printer of at least letter quality.

  • The length of the text of the manuscript (not including abstract, tables, figures, or references) should ideally be under 3500 words and must be no more than 5000 words.

  • Titles should be short, specific, and descriptive, emphasizing the main point of the article. Avoid a two-part title, if at all possible. Do not number the title, eg, I or Part I. Do not make a declarative statement in the title. Title length, including punctuation and spaces, ideally should be under 100 characters and must not exceed 150 characters.

  • The title page should list full names, degrees, academic affiliations and locations of each author, and the name and address to whom reprint requests should be sent. If the paper was presented at a meeting, include the organization, place, and date of presentation. Acknowledgment of grant or drug company support should also be made on this page.

  • Include a structured abstract of 250 words or less that states the Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions in four sections labeled as such.

  • Use Système International (SI) measurements throughout the manuscript.

  • Use generic names of drugs, unless the specific trade name is directly relevant to the study design or discussion.

  • Do not use abbreviations in the title or abstract. Limit their use in the text.

  • Do not use footnotes or appendixes. Such materials should either be incorporated into the text or offered to interested readers on request.

  • Include a statistical analysis section under Methods that fully describes the application of each statistical procedure used. If a test is used that is not commonly presented in the ARCHIVES, briefly describe its purpose and how it is to be interpreted. Results should report the test statistic (eg, χ2, F or t value), degrees of freedom, and P value. Measures of central tendency (eg, means) should be accompanied by measures of variability (eg, standard deviations). In the cover letter, state the name of your statistical consultant, if appropriate.

  • Acknowledge fully any material taken from other publications, and submit written permission from the owner to reproduce in any language or form without limitation.

  • Tables and figures should provide substantive data and not merely illustrate the text. While the main finding of a table or figure may be discussed in the narrative, the table or figure should not duplicate the text. Although no specific guideline can be applied to all articles, the number and length of tables and figures should be kept to a minimum.

Tables. Double-space on separate sheets of 8½ × 11-in white bond paper. Title each one and number them in the order of their citation in the text. If a table must be continued, repeat the title on a second sheet, followed by "(cont)." Tables should contain sample sizes and units of measurement, when appropriate. Any explanatory notes to be printed with the table must be typed single-spaced beneath the table.

Figures. Once manuscripts are accepted, 2 sets of professionally prepared, high-contrast glossy prints (preferably in a proportion of 5 × 7 in) are required. If full-color figures are necessary, the ARCHIVES may pay part of the expense with the balance to be borne by the author.

  • Number figures according to their order in the text. Type the figure number, proper orientation (eg, "top"), name of the senior author, and an abbreviated title on a gummed label; affix it to the back of the print.

  • Double-space legends (maximum length, 40 words) on a separate sheet of 8½ × 11-in paper. Include sample size.

References. These should be carefully selected to acknowledge previous work or to document a specific point. They should not be exhaustive. Number references in the order they are mentioned in the text; do not alphabetize. In text, tables, and legends, identify references with superscript arabic numbers. Double-space, follow AMA style and abbreviate names of journals according to Index Medicus style. List all authors and/or editors. Citation accuracy is the responsibility of the author.


  • Schwartz JM, Stoessel PW, Baxter LR, Martin KM, Phelps ME. Systematic changes in cerebral glucose metabolic rate after successful behavior modification treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53:109-113.

  • Morilak DA, Porteus MH, Ciaranello RD. Molecular and cellular mechanisms of brain development. In: Bloom FE, Kupfer DJ, eds. Pyschopharmacology: The Fourth Generation of Progress. 4th ed. New York, NY: Raven Press; 1995:671-681.

Informed Consent and Confidentiality. A statement of informed consent for human investigation should be made in the text. Authors must ensure that patient confidentiality is in no way breached. Do not use real names, initials, or disclose information that might identify a particular subject.

Obligations for Full Disclosure and Authorship3,4

Previous Publications. Manuscripts that are submitted must not have been previously published in whole or substantial part and must not be simultaneously under consideration elsewhere. This policy applies to the essential contents, tables, or figures, but does not apply to abstracts. Authors must disclose in their cover letters if the submitted manuscript contains any data or material that have already been published or are in press, submitted, or nearly submitted. Copies of closely related manuscripts should be submitted to the Editor for examination.

Financial Disclosure. At the time of initial submission, each author should disclose any financial arrangement he or she has with companies who either have products featured in the manuscript or with companies that produce competing products. These arrangements include, but are not limited to, company support, consultantships, patent rights, stock ownership, or other equity interests. Such arrangements do not constitute grounds for automatic rejection of the manuscript. Financial information will be held in confidence. If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the Editor and the author(s) will confer about the way this information will be communicated to the readers. Reviewers are also expected to notify the Editor of their own financial arrangements involving companies whose products (or competing products) are featured in the manuscripts they agree to review.

Other Disclosures. Authors should disclose to the Editor at the time of submission any special circumstances, vested interests, or sources of bias that might affect the integrity of the reported information. These disclosures also apply to referees.

Authorship does not require expertise in every aspect of the work. It does mean that each author within his or her own limits has exerted sufficient reasonable effort to vouch for the validity of the entire work and to bear public accountability for maintaining the integrity of the scientific information communicated. Each author must have had enough substantial involvement in generating and formulating the published product to bear such accountability. Any changes in authorship should be brought to the attention of the Editor. The cover letter should state the names of anyone else who was involved in writing the paper, their workplace, and their role, if they are not listed as an author of the paper on the title page. More than 6 authors requires a statement of justification in the cover letter.

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor will be considered for publication if they are accompanied by a cover letter stating they are "for publication." Their purpose should be to comment on articles published in the ARCHIVES or to provide significant news that can be conveyed in a short format. The Editor reserves the right to edit the material prior to publication.

Letters intended for publication must follow manuscript preparation guidelines (eg, double-spaced, copyright transfer). They generally should not exceed 400 words. Include 3 copies. A brief table may be considered. Keep references to a minimum. Authors will receive only a brief acknowledgment of acceptance or rejection.

Review Process

A submitted manuscript will be acknowledged by postcard and assigned a manuscript number, which is to be used in all further correspondence. Manuscripts are reviewed and given a priority based upon their originality, importance of the findings, scientific merit and significance for the field, interest to readers, lucidity, and suitability for publication. All reviewers remain anonymous and are expected to maintain the curtain of strict confidentiality. Reviewers are also expected to inform the Editor of any conflicts of interest. After the review process has been completed, authors will be informed by mail of the Editor's decision.


  • Cover letter including all information deemed necessary for the editor's review.

  • Statement on copyright and authorial responsibility, signed by all authors.

  • Corresponding author identified and address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address provided.

  • Original manuscript (including structured abstract, references, legends, tables, and figures) plus 7 copies.

  • Word count of text only (not including abstract, tables, references) on the title page.

  • (6) Right-hand margin unjustified.

  • Copies of publications considered to be helpful for the review process or that bear on any possible overlap of published data.

For further information, or a copy of these instructions, contact the editorial office at 212:746-3771, or e-mail us at archives@mail.med.cornell.edu.


Iverson  CLFlanagan  AFFontanarosa  PB  et al.  American Medical Association Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 9th ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1998.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors., Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Ann Intern Med. 1988;108:258-265.
Freedman  DX The meaning of full disclosure. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:689-691.
Freedman  DX Megamultiple authorship. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1982;39:351.




Iverson  CLFlanagan  AFFontanarosa  PB  et al.  American Medical Association Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 9th ed. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1998.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors., Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Ann Intern Med. 1988;108:258-265.
Freedman  DX The meaning of full disclosure. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45:689-691.
Freedman  DX Megamultiple authorship. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1982;39:351.


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