We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

A Genetic Field Theory of Ego Formation.

John S. Nicholas, Ph.D.
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(3):316-318. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710090102014.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


"The one hundred and second anniversary of the birth of Freud offers me the welcome opportunity to present some general propositions on the unfolding of the human personality and on the establishment of psychic structure. These are ideas which have slowly taken shape in my mind in the course of my work on infants during the last twenty-five years. They appear to me to follow from the conceptual framework laid down by Freud, from his initial assumption that there is no division between the somatic and the psychic aspects of the human personality, that the same rigorous determinism which rules the physical'world applies to intrapsychic processes."

This is a bold phrase by Spitz founded on Freud's embryological reading of Roux's experiments. Unfortunately, the psychologists and psychiatrists have redefined both maturation and development which now mean a series of events peculiar to them. What is attempted is to project psychic


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.