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Therapeutic Potentials in Work

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(6):622-631. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120092012.
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Distinctions between therapy and rehabilitation, always somewhat blurred in the case of the psychiatric disabilities, will be seen on close examination to be largely arbitrary. As the mental hospital has changed in conception from a custodial to a transitional treatment center, and as social-dynamic definitions of mental illness have gained therapeutic meaningfulness, institutional treatment approaches have utilized increasingly the resources of the milieu. Restoration of the patient to a productive social role is the traditional objective of rehabilitation as it is the aim of psychiatric treatment in general. For the adult male, involvement in gainful occupation is the major condition of social usefulness. In his case, rehabilitation ordinarily means vocational rehabilitation. But we have reasons for believing that participation in controlled work programs which have vocational rehabilitation as a practical goal may also contribute to the attainment of more immediate treatment


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