Christian Astrup, a prominent Norwegian psychiatrist trained at two of the Pavlovian institutes in Russia and also in the Sherringtonian school at Maudsley, here combines these orientations in a comprehensive and scholarly review of the neuroreflexologic approaches to mental disorders.
After a theoretical introduction, Astrup devotes Chapter 2 to a description of experimental methodologies that discern measurable neurophysiologic parameters of normal or deviant behavior in animal and human subjects. Chapter 3 offers a brief and necessarily incomplete survey of drug effects, and Chapter 4 explores the parallelisms of human and animal experimental neuroses. In these discussions Astrup employs terms such as "neurasthenia" and "anancasia," long ago retired for infirmity in American psychiatry; nevertheless, he correlates such syndromes with equally questionable Galenic-Pavlovian "somatopsychic constitutional" types. In Chapter 5, Astrup reaches the somewhat circular inference that "disturbances of subcortical activity and dissociative phenomena are important pathophysiologic factors in