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Experimental Study of Supervision of Psychotherapy

ROY M. WHITMAN, MD; MILTON KRAMER, MD; BILL BALDRIDGE, AB
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1963;9(6):529-535. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1963.01720180001001.
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Teaching psychotherapy by supervision is an integral part of the training program of most residency centers.2,12,14,21,26 Supervision has both intellectual and emotional components. However, because there are status and evaluative components to the relationship between the supervisor and supervisee, it is difficult to get valid information about all the emotional overtones of the supervisory process. Since dreams provide a rapid entree into emotional attitudes, we decided to use dreams as a method of evaluating and formulating the triad of patient-therapist-supervisor.

Procedure  In order to insure sufficient numbers of dreams, and also their simultaneity of occurrence in the various members of the triad, we used a modified Kleitman technique3,4,7,27 of collecting dreams. This consists of awakening the patient when the presence of rapid eye movements indicates dreaming. The patient and the therapist each slept in different dream laboratories in different buildings on the

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