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Freud-Bleuler Correspondence

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965;12(1):1-9. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1965.01720310003001.
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Excerpts will be presented from a correspondence between Sigmund Freud and Eugen Bleuler, which is devoted mainly to Bleuler's withdrawal from the newly formed International Psychoanalytical Association. These excerpts are from seven letters from Freud to Bleuler and 50 letters from Bleuler to Freud, which were written between 1910 and 1925, and have never been published before. Permission was obtained by Dr. Alexander for their publication from Prof Manfred Bleuler, the son of Eugen Bleuler, and also from Ernst Freud, the son of Sigmund Freud.*

This correspondence throws light upon the origin not of psychoanalysis as a science, but upon what became known as The Psychoanalytic Movement. It reveals the emotional needs of the pioneers of this young branch of knowledge to organize the psychoanalytic movement as an isolated scientific community outside and in opposition to the rest of the medical fraternity. Psychoanalysis is


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