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Interpretation of Hypnosis In Terms of Ego Psychology

PETER H. van der WALDE, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965;12(5):438-447. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1965.01720350006002.
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A Statement of Purpose  MANY THEORIES have been advanced since the time of Mesmer to explain the phenomenon called hypnosis. These theories have ranged from purely physiological considerations to highly abstract psychological statements. Differences of opinion have been as striking within schools of thought as they have been between disciplines. Despite this, almost all theories of hypnosis have in common their view of hypnosis as a unique, tangible, and welldefined entity. It is noteworthy that even this basic orientation has in recent years been challenged from two directions. The first, questioning hypnosis as a well-defined tangible entity, and the second, questioning the alleged unique aspects of hypnotic behavior. In both instances, the emphasis is clearly on the need for redefinition of, and reorientation toward, the phenomenon called hypnosis.It is the purpose of this paper to attempt this redefinition by outlining an ego


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