Marc H. Hollender, MD, is a psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who holds a professorship in the Department of Psychiatry of the State University of New York in Syracuse. He has had an extensive experience in the practice of psychoanalysis and psychiatry and the teaching of psychiatric residents. His experience began in Chicago, where psychiatric training has been predominantly psychoanalytically oriented, and it is obvious from this text, that psychoanalysis is basic to the training of psychiatrists in Syracuse.
Without the principles of psychodynamics which psychoanalysis has discovered, modern psychotherapy would not exist. The most intensive and extensive psychotherapy is psychoanalysis itself. But most of the psychotherapy practiced in the United States, whether individual or group, brief or prolonged, by single therapists or multiple therapists, intramural, milieu or community, applies the knowledge of the human mind revealed by psychoanalysis. It would seem then that psychotherapists should first learn