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Dreaming and Korsakoff's Psychosis

Ramon Greenberg, MD; Chester Pearlman, MD; Robert Brooks; Robert Mayer; Ernest Hartmann, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;18(2):203-209. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740020075009.
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RECENT theoretical discussions about the function of dreaming have proposed that dreaming may be involved in the memory processes.1-3 The particular disturbance of recent memory which is characteristic of patients with Korsakoff's psychosis suggested that a study of the sleep and dream patterns of such patients might provide information in relation to this hypothesis. Furthermore, studies of stage 1 sleep in cats have shown concurrent highly activated patterns in the limbic and cortical areas.4 Because the lesion in the alcoholic form of Korsakoff's psychosis disrupts a major limbic-cortical Pathway,5 the possibility that this lesion has an effect on the dream process should be considered. (In this paper the authors are assuming that stage 1 rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is a reflection on dreaming in man. Therefore, stage 1 and dream time will be used interchangeably.)

With these as theoretical reasons for the study of Korsakoff patients,

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