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An Evaluation of the Behavior of the ARL Colony Chimpanzees

Edward J. Kollar, MD; Robert B. Edgerton, PhD; William C. Beckwith, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;19(5):580-594. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740110068008.
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THE purpose of this paper is to document the behavior of the ARL colony chimpanzees. (The ARL Colony is officially designated the Chimpanzee Colony of the 6571st Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Holloman Air Force Base, NM 88330.) Our study is a reflection of the increasing interest in the use of chimpanzees, as well as other Primates, in medical and behavioral research. Because of the development and refinement of electronic telemetering systems, as a "spin off" from space research, neurophysiologists are now in a position to begin studies of the telemetered electrophysiological correlates of the freely moving primate or to study the behavioral effects of telemetered impulses Delivered to specific neural centers and tracts through implanted electrodes. Because of its physiological similarity to man, the chimpanzee is envisioned as a primary animal in these telemetry studies. However, these studies must be done on animals with carefully


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