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Manifest Dream Content in Normal and Psychopathologic States

Milton Kramer, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1970;22(2):149-159. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01740260053008.
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WHETHER viewed as a source of divine revelation,1 as a portent of things to come,2 or as a route to gain insights into the soul of the dreamer,3 the dream has been an object of interest and concern for men throughout recorded history.4 In our own era, the interest in dreams has been kept alive by two groups, the depth psychologists5 and the man in the street. The so-called "hard" scientists who deal with human behavior have eschewed an interest in dreams as they have in most, if not all, of the subjective aspects of behavior.

It is to Freud6 and Jung7 and to their adherents5,8 that the credit must go for maintaining modern psychology's interest in the content of dreams. It is their persistent commitment to the dream as the psychic product par excellence for gaining an under


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