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Patient sex Differences and MMPI Changes—1958 to 1969

David G. Rice, PhD; Joseph G. Kepecs, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1970;23(2):185-193. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01750020089012.
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THE PAST decade has been a period of rapid social change. The effects of this are perhaps no more evident than in the areas of sexual and social role expectations and behavior. There is much evidence (visual and graphic) that we may be moving in an androgynous direction-toward a "unisex." This would seem to have many psychiatric implications.1-4 In discussing these trends, Winick5 concludes:

Multivalent, amorphous, and depolarized roles might theoretically lead to increased flexibility and options in behavior, but in actuality may tend to invoke uncertainty. Such tolerance of ambiguity is desirable for a healthy personality, but today's environment and culture are ambiguous enough to tax the adaptability of even the healthiest personalities (p 24). We attempted to empirically document the psychological byproducts of these societal changes by studying the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) scale scores of patients during two time periods 1958 to 1960 and 1967

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