A study was made to evaluate the congruence of faculty attitudes towards psychodynamic psychiatric treatment and the process of identification of resident psychiatrists with these attitudes. Identical questionnaires regarding types of psychiatric treatment and ideology were given to 26 faculty members and 29 residents in a three-year training program. The results showed a striking congruence of attitudes within the faculty with psychodynamic-psychoanalytic treatments rated highly. Resident responses differed for each year of training, but showed a definite development of major ideology similar to that of faculty members as training progressed. Adherence to major theoretical and therapeutic ideologies by residents plays a definite role in developing their identity as psychiatrists.