Naltrexone (EN-1639A) is approximately 17 times more potent than nalorphine as an antagonist in man. It is virtually devoid of agonistic activity, including the ability to induce nalorphine-like dysphoric effects. Its duration of action is longer than that of naloxone, but shorter than that of cyclazocine. It is effective orally. When administered in a dose level of 50 mg/day, it produces a degree of blockade of the effects of morphine and heroin that is comparable to that obtained with 4 mg of cyclazocine per day orally. Naltrexone, thus, appears to be a relatively pure potent narcotic antagonist which is effective orally and which may have utility in the treatment of heroin and narcotic dependence.