Article |

Abstract and Concrete Thinking in Schizophrenia During the Prechronic Phases

Martin Harrow, PhD; David Adler, MD; Edith Hanf, MSW
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1974;31(1):27-33. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1974.01760130013002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Ninety-five psychiatric inpatients (25 schizophrenic, 23 borderline, and 47 nonschizophrenic patients) were assessed on six indices of abstract and concrete thinking, during two stages of their disorder (acute phase and phase of partial recovery).

The level of abstract and concrete thinking in nonchronic patients was influenced by several factors. (1) During the prechronic phases diagnosis (schizophrenic vs nonschizophrenic) exerted some influence, but was not the most prominent factor. Evidence suggested, however, that during later chronic phases schizophrenic subjects may be extremely concrete. (2) Process schizophrenics tended to be less abstract than reactive schizophrenics. (3) The phase of the disorder exerted some influence (during active or acutely disturbed stages patients were less abstract). (4) The most powerful influence on the abstract-concrete dimension was intelligence. (5) Idiosyncratic thinking was an important negative influence on ability to abstract.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.