Article |

Comparison of Samoans in Samoa and California

Joe Yamamoto, MD; Adele Satele, MSW; Lynn Fairbanks, PhD; Reupena Samuelu, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981;38(2):231. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1981.01780270117017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

To the Editor.—  Margaret Mead studied a group of teenaged Samoan girls and concluded that the Samoan lifestyle included early knowledge about sexual behavior, acceptance of masturbatory activity from the age of 5 or 6 years, and complete knowledge about bodily functions and left little possibility for neurotic problems.1

Method.—  We previously studied 100 Samoans in California with the SCL-90R,2 a self-completed 90-item symptom checklist, and scored the following items: (1) somatization, (2) obsessive-compulsive, (3) anxiety, (4) interpersonal sensitivity, (5) depression, (6) hostility, (7) phobic anxiety; (8) paranoid ideation, and (9) psychoticism. There are three general scales, as follows: the Global Severity Index, the Positive Symptom Distress Index, and the Positive Symptom Total.Compared with the scores of 1,000 normal Americans3. 4 the Samoans scored significantly higher on each and every scale. Fifty-seven percent of the males and 48% of the females had scores on one or


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.