We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Validity of the Dexamethasone Suppression Test as a Marker for Endogenous Depression

Mark Zimmerman; William Coryell, MD; Bruce Pfohl, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1986;43(4):347-355. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1986.01800040057009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• The validity of the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) as an indicator of endogenous depression has been most frequently tested by examining its relationship to operational criteria of endogenous depression. However, these criteria sets themselves have not been empirically validated. We examined the DST in terms of a series of hypotheses and predictions that are consistent with the theoretical construct of endogenous depression. In a consecutively admitted sample of 187 primary unipolar depressed inpatients, the DST nonsuppressors were older, had less premobid personality disorder, better social support, less frequent marital separations or divorces, fewer nonindependent stressful life events during the year prior to admission, made fewer nonserious suicide attempts during the index episode, had fewer dysfunctional attitudes, and had a lower rate of treated alcoholism and antisocial personality in their first-degree relatives. The only clearly negative finding was the lack of association between DST results and family history of depression. Our results strongly support the construct validity of the DST as a marker of endogenous depression.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.