0
Article |

Hypochondriasis:  An Evaluation of the DSM-III Criteria in Medical Outpatients

Arthur J. Barsky, MD; Grace Wyshak, PhD; Gerald L. Klerman, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1986;43(5):493-500. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1986.01800050099013.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• We attempted to integrate the DSM-III criteria for hypochondriasis with the clinical literature and derived six positive and two negative diagnostic criteria. Seven of these were assessed in a random sample of 92 medical outpatients by means of a self-report questionnaire, structured interview, and medical record audit. The results are in accord with previous work: there appears to be considerable internal validity and consistency in the syndrome in that disease conviction, disease fear, bodily preoccupation, and somatic symptoms are significantly intercorrelated. The three hypochondriacal attitudes (conviction, fear, and preoccupation) were not statistically related to the number of medical diagnoses in the patients' medical records. Depressive symptoms, as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory, were highly correlated with the other hypochondriacal symptoms. The hypochondriacal syndrome in these patients appears to be consistent with the clinical disorder described in DSM-III.

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();