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Hospital Discharge Status and Long-term Outcome for Patients With Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Unipolar Affective Disorder

Thomas H. McGlashan, MD; Robert K. Heinssen, PhD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45(4):363-368. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1988.01800280079010.
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• The prognosis of self-discharged inpatients has seldom been studied, especially by diagnosis, and is frequently assumed to be poor. This study evaluated the long-term (15year average) outcome of inpatients discharged with medical advice (WMA), against medical advice (AMA), or by transfer for patients with schizophrenia (N =113), schizoaffective disorder (N= 46), borderline personality disorder (N = 63), and unipolar affective disorder (N = 33) from a follow-up study. Results showed that outcome among discharge cohorts varied considerably depending on diagnostic category. Within each diagnostic cohort, outcome of transferred patients was poorest. The outcome of AMA-discharged patients was poorer than the outcome of patients discharged with medical advice only in the unipolar cohort, except that AMA discharge in schizoaffective patients correlated significantly with suicide.


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