Article |

Electroconvulsive Treatment Compared With Lithium in the Management of Manic States

Joyce G. Small, MD; Marietta H. Klapper, MS; Jeffrey J. Kellams, MD; Marvin J. Miller, MD; Victor Milstein, PhD; Patricia H. Sharpley, MD; Iver F. Small, MD
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1988;45(8):727-732. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1988.01800320037004.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Thirty-four hospitalized manic patients were randomized to treatment with either lithium carbonate or an average series of nine bilateral electroconvulsive treatments (ECTs), followed by maintenance with lithium carbonate. Weekly ratings of manic, depressive, and psychotic symptoms were obtained for eight weeks, and patients were followed up monthly for up to two years. Ratings by nonblind and blind observers indicated that the patients who underwent ECT improved more during the first eight weeks than did patients who were treated with lithium carbonate. This was especially true of patients with mixed symptoms of mania and depression and/or extreme manic behavior. Clinical ratings after eight weeks showed no significant differences between the lithium carbonate— and ECT-treated patients. Likewise, the two groups had comparable rates of relapse, recurrence, and rehospitalization during the follow-up period.


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.